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This interpretation, however, is inconsistent with the chronology in the Synoptic Gospels.
It assumes that text literally translated "the preparation of the passover" in John refers to Nisan 14 (Preparation Day for the Passover) and not necessarily to Yom Shishi (Friday, Preparation Day for the Passover week Sabbath) Jewish Christians, the first to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, timed the observance in relation to Passover.
Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar.
In most European languages the feast called Easter in English is termed by the words for passover in those languages and in the older English versions of the Bible the term Easter was the term used to translate passover.
Paul states, "Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast—as you really are.
For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed"; One interpretation of the Gospel of John is that Jesus, as the Passover lamb, was crucified at roughly the same time as the Passover lambs were being slain in the temple, on the afternoon of Nisan 14.
The First Council of Nicaea (325) established two rules, independence of the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the Council.
(See also Computus and Reform of the date of Easter.) In particular, the Council did not decree that Easter must fall on Sunday. The following day, Easter Monday, is a legal holiday in many countries with predominantly Christian traditions.
This is consistent with the celebration of Easter having entered Christianity during its earliest, Jewish period, but does not leave the question free of doubt.
Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian Calendar.
Because of the 13-day difference between the calendars between 19, 21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian Calendar.
Direct evidence for a more fully formed Christian festival of Pascha (Easter) begins to appear in the mid-2nd century.
Perhaps the earliest extant primary source referring to Easter is a mid-2nd-century Paschal homily attributed to Melito of Sardis, which characterizes the celebration as a well-established one.